Young girls and women of reproductive age usually suffer from PCOS- polucystic ovary syndrome. The most commonly targeted group are women between the ages of 18 and 44. However, this is not a strict rule since it can afflict girls under the age of 11. Approximately 1 in every 10 to 15 females in America have PCOS.
There are several factors that cause this disorder such as: family history of PCOS and overproduction of the male hormone, testosterone, lack of physical activity, obesity and insulin resistance.
This syndrome is a serious health problem because it can cause infertility. It leads to no ovulation which is a process In which a mature egg is produced by the ovaries and this egg might or might not be fertilized by sperm.
Even though this types of syndrome cannot be cured, there are some lifestyle changes that can help with controlling the symptoms. Common conventional treatments are birth control pills, clomiphene and metformin. Some women also try cosmetic treatments like laser to reduce the physical symptoms.
Early Sings: A Growing Concern
It Is extremely important to pay more attention to the PCOS symptoms in order to treat it on time.
According to a study from 2005 around $4.36 billion are spend every year on diagnostic procedures and medical care in America.
In this article we will present you some of the most common symptoms of PCOS.
The most common symptoms of this disorder are irregular periods. Cysts in your ovaries are formed due to the production of testosterone that is triggered by this disorder and as a result they stop the release of the egg, preventing menstruation. If you are a teenager, irregular periods are normal, but if not, then you should consult your doctor because you may be dealing with PCOS.
Absence of Menstruation (Primary Amenorrhea)
High testosterone levels can prevent the release of eggs which prevents menstruation until the girl is 16 or even 18. This condition is known as primary amenorrhea.
Excessive Body and Facial Hair
High levels of testosterone can also cause hirsutism which is a condition where women are dealing with excessive body and facial hair. Women have excess hair on the chin and jaw area, the upper lip, arms, thighs, legs, stomach and chest.
Loss of Hair and Hair Thinning
Another sign of PCOS is if you are losing a lot of hair while you are washing it or there are strands of hair on your pillow. Hair loss and hair thinning is a usual symptom of hormonal imbalance.
You are probably dealing with PCOS if your acne haven’t disappear after your 20s, because persistent acne occur as a consequence of overproduction of testosterone. Most commonly this type of acne occur on the cheeks, the chin, around the jaw line and the upper neck. They occur before the menstrual cycle and remain longer after.
Weight Gain, Obesity and Inability to Shed Pounds
It is not a generall rule that all women dealing with PCOS are obese, but they are not slim either. This is a result of a slower metabolism. Even 50% of women dealing with this syndrome are obese or overweight, and the majority have notable abdominal fat. The inability to lose weight is one the most usual symptoms.
High Blood Pressure
PCOS can lead to cardiovascular complications and most common sign in women with PCOS is hypertension. If a woman is obese, has high blood pressure and had other symptoms of PCOS, she is probably an undiagnosed PCOS patient.
Abnormal Skin Discoloration
Skin abnormalities can occur due to PCOS and the most common ones are: black or brown patches which appear in skin folds like armipts, knees, elbows, hands, groin area, between thighs, breasts, neck folds and on the forehead. This is known as acanthosis nigricans. These patches can be accompanied by tiny-skin colored growths as well, which look like warts and they hang from the skin.
PCOS patients are exposed to stress as a consequence of hirsutism which means that stress comes as a by-product of any physical and mental condition.
You might be suffering from PCOS if you are constantly stressed and that stress is accompanied with other PCOS symptoms.
Yet another manifestation of psychological distress which comes with any hormonal imbalance is depression. This means that PCOS patients are actually depressed due to the symptoms and the repercussions that are part of their everyday life.