The main chemical messengers that control the body functions are the hormones. Estrogen and testosterone are the main sex hormones in females and males, but there are many other hormones in our body which control its functions.
In order to maintain your health at higher level, you should know how hormones work. For instance, there are hormones that control hunger and weight loss and they are called insulin, leptin and cortisol. You can boost the hormones associeted with controlling hunger and losing weight by developing certain habits.
Many people relate insulin to diabetes which is due to it determining if the blood sugar is used for immediate energy or stored fat. What you consume and how you consume it directly affects the insulin levels. Great amount of insulin is produced due to the consumption of too many carbs, and as a result, the cells are not able to absorb it and the liver converts it to fat. If you want to control your insulin levels, you should eat small meals that include high fiber grains, vegetables and lean meats every 2-3 hours. On the other hand, you should avoid or even eliminate white pasta, highly processed foods, bread and white sugar.
Cortisol which is known as the stress hormone affects the blood sugar. It also regulates the metabolism, and controls salt and water balance. For instance, when you are under some kind of stress, the cortisol encourages the body to store fat around the vital organs. As a result, this process releases dangerous fatty acids into the blood and then raises both cholesterol and insulin levels. Make sure to take a walk during your lunch break, in order to control levels of cortiosol, but also cut down caffeine, eat slowly and sleep minimum 7 hours.
Leptin is yet another hormone which is also known as the hunger hormone and it is directly linked to body fat and obesity. It is released from fat cells. It is very powerful since it can affect the time of your body that requires to feel satiated on the long term. In order to keep it under control, you will need to avoid the consumption of sugary and processed foods, be more physically active and get full night rest.
How your meals should look like?
You should eat small meals every 2-3 hours and they should consist of healthy fats, veggies and lean proteins. Beside healthy meals, you should also sleep 7-9 hours per night and stay away from processed and sugary foods. Lead a healthy life by controlling your weight and hunger hormones.